The Sri Lankan government says it freed Tamil civilians from the clutches of a terrorist movement. Human rights groups say the state army perpetrated war crimes, and has since ruled punitively over the north.
After defeating the Tamil Tiger insurgency, in 2009, the Sri Lankan government has resisted calls to drawdown its massive security force. Instead, it has steered the military directly into an expanding range of businesses, perhaps none more conspicuous than tourism.
The conflict in western Burma’s Rakhine State erupted last June, when reports spread that a Buddhist woman was raped and murdered by three Rohingya men. Shortly after, a mob of Buddhists exacted retribution by pulling over a bus carrying Muslims and beating 10 passengers to death. The incidents ignited sectarian violence throughout the state. ...
A few hours’ drive from the white-sand beaches of Phuket, a deadly insurgency is terrorizing Thailand’s south. The separatist movement, made up of mostly ethnic-Malay Muslims, roils the region with daily threats of sectarian violence and has prompted many Buddhist villagers, and even some monks, to take up arms in self-defense.
Since 2004, drive-by shootings, IED bombings and point-blank assassinations have claimed some 5,000 lives in Thailand's three restive southernmost provinces that border Malaysia, making the insurgency one of the world’s deadliest.
From 1975 to 1999, Timor-Leste was ruled by the Indonesian army, which frequently confiscated land and forcibly relocated communities to break up resistance networks. When Timor-Leste achieved independence in 1999, most of the land was occupied without official title deeds.
Some 180,000 people in Timor-Leste were killed during the Indonesian occupation from 1975 to 1999. More than a decade after Timor-Leste achieved independence from its much more powerful neighbour, accountability for the mass crimes of Indonesia remains contentious.
Cambodian and Thai troops squared-off for the fourth consecutive day on Monday, the latest in a series of deadly clashes over small but symbolically valued sections of territory along the Southeast Asian countries' shared border.
While visiting home in 2002, Rajendra Tharu awoke in his parent's house surrounded by childhood classmates. They had not come to welcome him back. Since finishing school, Tharu had joined the police; the others, from the same farming village in Bardiya, had become supporters of the Maoist revolutionaries fighting against the government.
A decade-long civil war claimed thousands of lives. More than four years after it ended, though, official silence means some families can’t move on.